Earnest is a deposit paid to demonstrate a commitment. In the Staffordshire Potteries it could take the form of money or goods and was offered by an employer to a workman to seal a contract for employment.
Elizabeth Barker
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Barker, potter of Lane Delph (Fenton), married Josiah Spode II in 1775. She died in 1782 leaving 5 small children; Josiah II never remarried. Either at the time of his marriage or on the death of Elizabeth, Spode came into the possession of the Foley Pottery, Fenton, formerly owned by Thomas Barker. To meet the conditions of his father’s will, on agreeing to buy the Spode works from the estate Josiah II sold the Foley Pottery to his brother Samuel, so that both brothers had a pottery making business.
A ceramic color for decoration over the glaze; in simplest terms a colored glass ground to a powder which can then be mixed with oil for painting onto the glazed surface, and fixed to the glaze with additional firings.
English porcelain
English potters also attempted to make porcelain with a range of raw materials, eventually deposits of china clay and china stone were discovered and a Chinese-style porcelain was patented, 1768-1796. From about 1800 bone china became the standard English porcelain.
Engravings are made by using a hand-held cutting tool and the design is created by lines cut into the copper sheet.
Etched designs are made by coating the copper with an acid resistant material, drawing the design with a fine needle that cuts through the resist and then dipping the copper into acid which bites into the exposed lines. This creates a free-flowing image.
european porcelain
European potters made many attempts to produce porcelain, using a variety of raw materials. The first commercially produced porcelain in the Chinese style was made at Meissen from 1708.